Author Topic: RapidQ 64  (Read 7651 times)

Offline John

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RapidQ 64
« on: December 17, 2013, 10:04:34 pm »
For fun I thought I would try to compile the BEC (BASIC Emulation Compiler by William Yu) on my Ubuntu 64 laptop. I was able to get it to compile after renaming all operator variable names to _operator. I think I'm close and willing to look a little closer if there might be interest in this.

Update: The hello program that compiled with the Ubuntu 64 version when renamed to HELLO64.EXE and run under dosemu worked fine. So what this Linux based compiler is able to do is create DOS executables from BASIC source. (using precompiled DOS .LIB files) Based on the size of the examples I compiled under Ubuntu 64, we are looking at 135 KB of runtime overhead.

jrs@laptop:~/rapidq/bec-020s$ ./bec hello.bas hello
BASIC Emulation Compiler v0.21 (c)1998-99 William Yu

Compiling: hello.bas to hello
Compiling using standard ANSI.LIB
Successful compile!
1 statements, 2 lines        Compile time: 0.000000
Variables: 0 strings, 0 integers
23 bytes code, 0 bytes data
jrs@laptop:~/rapidq/bec-020s$ chmod 755 hello
jrs@laptop:~/rapidq/bec-020s$ ./hello
winevdm: Cannot start DOS application Z:\home\jrs\rapidq\bec-020s\hello.
         because the DOS memory range is unavailable.
         You should install DOSBox.
jrs@laptop:~/rapidq/bec-020s$ ./bec EXAMPLE.BAS example
BASIC Emulation Compiler v0.21 (c)1998-99 William Yu

Compiling: EXAMPLE.BAS to example
Compiling using standard ANSI.LIB
Successful compile!
46 statements, 81 lines        Compile time: 0.000000
Variables: 4 strings, 3 integers
1503 bytes code, 0 bytes data

Code: [Select]
BASEC v0.21 Command Summary

The BASIC Emulation Compiler is programmed by William Yu (c)1998-99
Please read and understand the GPL (GNU Public License) that applies
to this distribution (bec-020b) and source codes (bec-v020s).


About Parser
  BEC.EXE was compiled and developed under DJGPP.
    This parser only completes a single pass, all variables not declared
    are declared "in place."  This approach may cause problems if you're
    in a loop, but usually only with strings...
    You can use VAR.LST (the undeclared variable list that's generated)
    and append this to your source code for better stability.
  ANSI.LIB, etc. were compiled using DJGPP v2.8.1.  The source code
    compiles under other compilers, but does not always produce the correct
    results.  ie. using 16-bit C compilers

Special Thanks
  Allegro library v3.0 by Shawn Hargreaves
  Amp MPEG audio decoder by Tomislav Uzelac
  JPEG Library courtesy of Tom Lane, Philip Gladstone, Luis Ortiz, Jim
  Boucher, Lee Crocker, Julian Minguillon, George Phillips, Davide Rossi,
  Ge' Weijers, and other members of the Independent JPEG Group.

Valid Data Types

BYTE     ?      1   0 to 255
WORD     ??     2   0 to 65,535
INTEGER  %      2   -32,768 to 32,767
DWORD    ???    4   0 to 4,294,967,295
LONG     &      4   -2,147,483,648 to 2,147,483,647
SINGLE   !      4   ñ8.43x10^-37  to ñ3.37x10^38
DOUBLE   #      8   ñ4.19x10^-307 to ñ1.67x10^308

STRING   $          32,767
STRING*n            65,535

Valid Arrays
  At the moment, the data type MUST be specified

  DIM Number(-100 to 100) AS INTEGER
  DIM Astring(1000) AS STRING

  DIM A$(1000)   ' doesn't work, it needs "AS STRING"

Valid Labels
  Line numbers with decimal points are valid
    Example:    100.5  PRINT "Hello world!"

  But, we usually use the colon to define a label
    Example:    Label1:  PRINT "This is a valid label!"

Separating Lines
  Lines can be separated by using a colon
    Example:   ?"Hi!":?"Hi again!":?"Hi yet again!"

  To continue a line, add the underscore ('_') character at the end
    Example:    PRINT "Hi, my name is " + _
                      "Cool Guy!"

Error Checking
  I plan on wiping error messages completely with the '-whocares' switch.
  Some error correction is done without the user knowing.
  For example, Error: Overflow will never occur, but the result will,
  obviously, not be what you want if that is the case.
  The error messages you receive may not always be understandable...
  ie.  ?:INPUT$(1)  gives an "improper placement of quotation mark" error.

  PRINT 123456%           would normally receive an illegal number in QB
  DIM A$(1000) AS STRING  would also receive an error
  PRINT 100/0             should return a divide error, but doesn't
  SWAP A!, A%             should return type mismatch, but doesn't

BASEC Library (extension of ANSI library)
LOG10, GET$(1)

ANSI Library

$LIB <Libraries>
  - N/A
  - You can explicitly tell the compiler to use certain libraries.

$STRING <integer>
  - N/A
  - Defines the default length of string used
  - The default is 255, the maximum is 32767
  - Do not use 32K, instead write 32767 or 1024 for 1K strings
  - No expressions like 32 * 1024, just an integer value is accepted

  - Function returns the absolute value of integer expression n
  - see also SQR

  - Function returns the ASCII value of the character
  - see also CHR$

  - Function returns the character of ASCII value n
  - see also ASC

  - Conversion function that returns the rounded integer expression

  - Converts expression to a double precision number

  - Converts expression to a long number

  - Converts expression to a single precision number

CLOSE [filenum [, filenum]]
  - If arguments are omitted, then all open files are closed
  - see also OPEN

  - Function that returns the cosine of n (in radians)
  - see also SIN, TAN

  - Used to store numeric and string constands used by the READ statement.
  - see also READ, RESTORE

DIM <variable> AS <data type> [*][Length]
  - any legal variable name (max 80 characters)
  - Underscores are legal (ie. My_Name)
  - if string, you have an option of defining its length size

DO...LOOP [UNTIL <expression>]
  - Control block that loops until expression returns true
  - UNTIL <expression> is optional

  - Test file for End-of-file
  - Returns a non-zero value if the file is at the end.

  - Must be used to end a multiple line IF ... THEN ... ELSE block
  - see also IF

  - Function returns the value of the environment variable
  - ie.  ENViRON$("PATH") returns the entire PATH
  - Returns a string

  - Exponential Function, returning the value of e raised to the power n
  - see also LOG, LOG10

  - Returns the whole number (truncating any fractions).

FOR i=start TO end [STEP n]...NEXT
  - Control flow block that repeats a number of statements
  - ie. FOR i = start to end [STEP n]
  - see also STEP

  - Returns the next free file pointer that can be used.
  - The range is between 1-100
  - see also OPEN

GET filenum, [filepos], variable
  - Reads from file to a buffer or variable
  - File must be open of course
  - filepos = 1 (the beginning of the file)
  - see also OPEN

  - Function is similar to LINE INPUT or INPUT$ in both respects
  - It reads whole lines and doesn't end until n characters are received
  - In v0.20 GET$ ends on ENTER or EOF
  - see also DOS_Library INPUT$

GOSUB <label>
  - Branches to <label>
  - see also RETURN

GOTO <label>
  - Branches forward or backwards depending on <labal>
  - see also LABELS

  - Control flow block that evaluates the boolean expression and returns
    either true or false.  ie. IF 10 < 20 THEN ?"True"
  - see also END IF

INSTR([Start,] SearchString, FindString)
  - Start searching at [Start] position of Search String
  - SearchString is the string to be searched
  - FindString is the string to be looked for
  - Returns 0 if match not found

  - Returns the integer value of the numeric expression

KILL filename
  - Deletes file

  - Function returns a string that has been lowercased
  - see also UCASE$

LEFT$(stringexpression, n)
  - Function that returns a string containing the leftmost n characters
    of the string expression.
  - see also RIGHT$, MID$

  - Function returns the length of the string

  - Returns the current file position
  - see also LOF

  - Returns the length of file, in bytes.
  - see also EOF

  - Returns the natural logarithm of n to the base e
  - n must be > 0
  - see also LOG10, EXP

  - Returns the common logarithm of n to the base 10
  - n must be > 0
  - see also LOG, EXP

  - Function that returns a string with leading spaces removed
  - see also RTRIM$

MID$(stringexpression, start, length)
  - Function that returns a portion of the string expression
  - see also LEFT$, RIGHT$

OPEN "access", filenum, "filename"
  - Access can be any string (it doesn't mean anything to the compiler).
    For the moment, all open files are treated as read & write, but
    unlike QB/PB, either binary or text functions can be used to manipulate
    the file.
  - Filenum is a valid file pointer number (1-100)
  - Filename cannot be represented as a long filename, (ie. use the short
    form instead).  Under UNIX, long filenames are valid.

PRINT <expression>[,|;][<expression>][...]
  - expression can either be integer or string
  - use semi-colon to add more expressions after
  - the comma has the same functionality as the semi-colon

PUT filenum, [filepos], variable
  - Write buffer (variable) to file
  - If the filepos argument is left blank, the file will read from the
    current file position.
  - filepos = 1 (the beginning of the file)
  - see also GET

READ variable1[, variable2[, ...]]
  - Reads values from DATA statement and assigns the values to the variables.
  - see also DATA, RESTORE

  - Comment block, or use '

  - Allows DATA statements to be reread from the beginning
  - see also DATA, READ

  - Returns to the next instruction after the last GOSUB call
  - see also GOSUB

RIGHT$(stringexpression, n)
  - Function that returns a string containing the rightmost n characters
    of the string expression.
  - see also LEFT$

  - Function that returns a string with trailing spaces removed
  - see also LTRIM$

SEEK filenum, filepos
  - Sets position of the file for next read/write
  - The beginning of the file is position 1.
  - see also OPEN, LOF, EOF.

  - Function that returns the sine of n (in radians)
  - see also SIN, TAN

SHELL command$
  - Execute command$
  - Returns to main program once execution terminates

SLEEP [seconds]
  - Seconds can be a fraction (ie. 1/10, or .1)
  - Under DOS, SLEEP can be bypassed with a single key press.

  - Function returns a string with n number of spaces
  - see also TAB

  - Function that returns the square root of n
  - A negative expression is undefined, use ABS to safeguard from this
  - see also ABS

  - Converts numeric-expression to string
  - see also VAL

STRING$(m, n)
STRING$(m, stringexpression)
  - m, an integer expression, returning the length of string
    n, an integer expression (0..255) which is an ASCII value to fill string
    A string expression can be used instead, the first character is used to
    fill the string.

SWAP variable1, variable2
  - Exchange the value of the variables with one another
  - The variables must be of the same type (ie. Numeric or String).
  - Unlike QB, you can swap between different numerical types, for example
     SWAP a!, a%  is valid, although the results may be obscure.

  - Exact duplicate of SPACE$ (for now...)
  - This is actually a device I/O function
  - see also SPACE$

  - Function that returns the tangent of n (in radians)
  - see also SIN, TAN

  - Function returns a string that has been uppercased
  - see also LCASE$

  - Function returns the numeric value of the string of digits

WHILE <booleanexpression>...WEND
  - Control flow block repeating a number of statements until expression
    returns false
  - see also WEND

DOS Library

  - Clears the screen and homes cursor

COLOR Fore[, Back]
  - Fore = 0..31, Back = 0..7

  - Returns the string contents of the keyboard buffer
  - Usually a one or two-byte string
  - Extended keys are preceeded by CHR$(0) + KeyCode
  - see also INPUT$

  - Wait for n key presses, and returns string of n characters
  - see also GET$, INKEY$

LOCATE [Y][,[X][,[Cursor]]]
  - Positions cursor, Y = Row, X = Column
  - Cursor 0 = Hide, 1 = Normal, 2 = Block

Screen functions: PRINT, LOCATE, COLOR, and CLS all work in graphics mode.

CIRCLE (x,y),radius,color
  - Draws a circle, all arguments must be specified

LINE (x1,y1)-(x2,y2),color[,b|bf]
  - Draws a line, box (option B), or boxfill (option BF)
  - Color is mandatory, unlike PB or QB

PAINT (x,y),color[,boundary_color]
  - Fills a portion of the screen with "color"
  - In QB/PB, the second color is optional, in BASEC, it's not used at all.
  - You can specify the boundary color if you like, but it's only for
    compatibility reasons that it takes it without giving an error message.
  - The PAINT statement in BASEC will look for boundaries itself.

POINT (x,y)
  - Function that returns the color of point-(x,y)

PSET (x,y),color
  - Plots s single pixel to the screen at [x,y]

  - Mode (0, 7, 12 ,13)
  - These modes are 256 colors, so SCREEN 7 is the same as SCREEN 13.
  - Mode (11, 14)
  - These modes are 24-bit, so you can view JPG files...
  - Screen 11 is 640x480
  - Screen 14 is 320x200

SHOWJPG(filename$, x, y, scale)
  - Scale has factor (1,2,4, or 8)
  - 1 = no scale, 2 = half size, etc...

SOUND Library

MP3.PLAY(filename$, loop)
  - if loop is a non-zero value, the MP3 will repeat itself.

  - Only rewinds MP3 file, does not play it.

  - Execute these as often as possible as these are the main routines that
    read the MP3 file and plays the music.
    MP3.RUN is a function, and is always >= 0 if not done playing
    MP3.POLL is a void function, that doesn't return a value, it's best
             used if you want to repeat the music throughout your program.

  - Make sure you free the MP3 from memory before you load a new one!
« Last Edit: December 17, 2013, 11:18:14 pm by John »

Offline John

  • Forum Support / SB Dev
  • Posts: 3116
    • ScriptBasic Open Source Project
Re: RapidQ 64
« Reply #1 on: December 17, 2013, 10:18:47 pm »
The BEC zip include the precompiled binaries for DOS. I gave it a try under dosemu and it seems to work fine. Here is the  EXAMPLE.BAS program I compiled with BEC under dosemu. (screenshot attached)

Code: [Select]
rem EXAMPLE.BAS by William Yu
rem   Demonstrates just some of the supported features of BASEC

DIM Message   AS STRING * 30

MyNAME    = "William Yu"
PRODUCT   = "BASEC v0.20"
CopyRIGHT = "Copyright "
Message   = "Isn't that cool?!"

' BEC can handle almost any complex equation

N=10^3       '' Available operators (+-*/^=<>, MOD, AND, OR, XOR, NOT)
X=N/5 + 20
Year=(2 * N) / ((4 - -2) + -2) + (N - 100) / X + N + (N - (N / 2)) - 6

'CLS  ' This is a DOS function

? PRODUCT;" ";CopyRIGHT;Year;" by ";MyName
PRINT "My name is "; MyNAME:PRINT:PRINT "Count to ten: ";
FOR N=1 TO 10
?" how's that?":?"Notice that (unlike QB), the numbers aren't split up"
PRINT "PRINT Message: "; Message
PRINT "Negative number: "; ---(10 MOD 6);" and ";
PRINT -10 + -val(mid$("100 or 200 or 300",8,3))
PRINT "Other numbers ";  1456789; " and, "; 987654321;
PRINT 123456789
PRINT "Hi, "; MyNAME; " how are you today?"
PRINT "Let's try some bitwise operators..."

N = NOT 16
X = 32 OR 16 OR 8 OR 4 OR 2 OR 1
PRINT "NOT 16 = "; N; ",  32 OR 16 OR 8 OR 4 OR 2 OR 1 = "; X

N = 16 AND 16
X = 16 XOR 16
PRINT "16 AND 16 = "; N; ",  16 XOR 16 = "; X;

N = 16 XOR 255
PRINT "This is what N equals "; N
X = N = 2
PRINT "Does N equal 2? "; X
X = N > 2
PRINT "Is N greater than 2? "; X

IF N <> (255 XOR 16) THEN
  PRINT "N is "; N
  ?255 xor 16
  ?"oh no"
  ?"oh no"
  ?"oh yes"
  if X > 2 then
    ?"X is greater than 2"
  elseif X < 2 then
  end if

PRINT "At the end\n\n\n"

« Last Edit: December 17, 2013, 10:20:40 pm by John »

Offline John

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  • Posts: 3116
    • ScriptBasic Open Source Project
Re: RapidQ 64
« Reply #2 on: December 18, 2013, 02:51:19 am »
I was able to compile the ANSI.LIB under Ubuntu 64 and now BEC creates Linux 64 bit executables. There are issues but this is a good start. The runtime overhead is 50 KB.

Code: [Select]
PRINT "Hello RapidQ 64"

jrs@laptop:~/rapidq/bec-020s$ ./bec bectest.bas bt
BASIC Emulation Compiler v0.21 (c)1998-99 William Yu

Compiling: bectest.bas to bt
Compiling using standard ANSI.LIB
Successful compile!
1 statements, 2 lines        Compile time: 0.000000
Variables: 0 strings, 0 integers
26 bytes code, 0 bytes data
jrs@laptop:~/rapidq/bec-020s$ ./bt
Hello RapidQ 64

jrs@laptop:~/rapidq/bec-020s$ file hello
hello: MS-DOS executable, COFF for MS-DOS, DJGPP go32 DOS extender
jrs@laptop:~/rapidq/bec-020s$ file hello2
hello2: ELF 64-bit LSB executable, x86-64, version 1 (SYSV), dynamically linked (uses shared libs), for GNU/Linux 2.6.24, BuildID[sha1]=0xa643ab196b3a5783e3e94df6f72e9519258afcb4, not stripped

« Last Edit: December 18, 2013, 11:28:28 am by John »